RAIRO-Theor. Inf. Appl.
Volume 54, 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||28 February 2020|
Total edge–vertex domination
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Letters, Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen University,
2 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Selçuk University, 42130 Konya, Turkey.
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 28 January 2020
An edge e ev-dominates a vertex v which is a vertex of e, as well as every vertex adjacent to v. A subset D ⊆ E is an edge-vertex dominating set (in simply, ev-dominating set) of G, if every vertex of a graph G is ev-dominated by at least one edge of D. The minimum cardinality of an ev-dominating set is named with ev-domination number and denoted by γev(G). A subset D ⊆ E is a total edge-vertex dominating set (in simply, total ev-dominating set) of G, if D is an ev-dominating set and every edge of D shares an endpoint with other edge of D. The total ev-domination number of a graph G is denoted with γevt(G) and it is equal to the minimum cardinality of a total ev-dominating set. In this paper, we initiate to study total edge-vertex domination. We first show that calculating the number γevt(G) for bipartite graphs is NP-hard. We also show the upper bound γevt(T) ≤ (n − l + 2s − 1)∕2 for the total ev-domination number of a tree T, where T has order n, l leaves and s support vertices and we characterize the trees achieving this upper bound. Finally, we obtain total ev-domination number of paths and cycles.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 05C69
Key words: Domination / edge-vertex domination / total edge-vertex domination
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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