RAIRO-Theor. Inf. Appl.
Volume 40, Number 1, January-March 2006
|Page(s)||75 - 91|
|Published online||15 October 2005|
Recognizing when heuristics can approximate minimum vertex covers is complete for parallel access to NP
Department of Computer Science,
Rochester Institute of Technology,
Rochester, NY 14623, USA;
2 Institut für Informatik, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Accepted: 10 February 2005
For both the edge deletion heuristic and the maximum-degree greedy heuristic, we study the problem of recognizing those graphs for which that heuristic can approximate the size of a minimum vertex cover within a constant factor of r, where r is a fixed rational number. Our main results are that these problems are complete for the class of problems solvable via parallel access to NP. To achieve these main results, we also show that the restriction of the vertex cover problem to those graphs for which either of these heuristics can find an optimal solution remains NP-hard.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 68Q15 / 68Q17
Key words: Computational complexity / completeness / minimum vertex cover heuristics / approximation / parallel access to NP
© EDP Sciences, 2006
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