On the invertibility of finite linear transducers
Accepted: 31 January 2014
Linear finite transducers underlie a series of schemes for Public Key Cryptography (PKC) proposed in the 90s of the last century. The uninspiring and arid language then used, condemned these works to oblivion. Although some of these schemes were afterwards shown to be insecure, the promise of a new system of PKC relying on different complexity assumptions is still quite exciting. The algorithms there used depend heavily on the results of invertibility of linear transducers. In this paper we introduce the notion of post-initial linear transducer, which is an extension of the notion of linear finite transducer with memory, and for which the previous fundamental results on invertibility still hold. This extension enabled us to give a new method to obtain a left inverse of any invertible linear finite transducer with memory. It also plays an essencial role in the necessary and sufficient condition that we give for left invertibility of linear finite transducers.
Key words: Linear transducers / invertibility of transducers / automata based cryptography / transducer injectivity with delay
© EDP Sciences 2014